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1896 Bunyoro Agreement

Jun 2 2023

The 1896 Bunyoro Agreement: An Insight into Uganda`s Colonial Past

The 19th century was a time of great political, economic, and social change in Africa, as European powers sought to colonize the continent. One such example from Uganda`s colonial past is the 1896 Bunyoro Agreement, which played a significant role in shaping the country`s history. As a professional, let`s delve deeper into this agreement and its impact on Uganda`s present-day society.

Background of the Bunyoro Agreement

In the late 19th century, Uganda was under the control of two dominant kingdoms, Buganda and Bunyoro-Kitara. The British East Africa Company (BEAC) sought to establish a protectorate over the region, and in 1893, they signed a treaty with Buganda, giving them control over the kingdom.

However, the British faced resistance from Bunyoro-Kitara, which refused to accept the BEAC`s authority. The British responded by launching a military campaign against the kingdom, which resulted in the signing of the Bunyoro Agreement on 18th June 1896.

Key Provisions of the Bunyoro Agreement

The Bunyoro Agreement was a complex document that contained several provisions. Some of the key provisions included:

1. The transfer of sovereignty: The agreement recognized the sovereignty of Bunyoro-Kitara, but transferred it to the British government.

2. The protection of property and rights: The agreement provided protection for Bunyoro-Kitara`s property and rights, including its land, cattle, and other resources.

3. The payment of tribute: The agreement required Bunyoro-Kitara to pay tribute to the British government, in the form of cattle, grain, and other resources.

4. The establishment of a British resident: The agreement required the British government to appoint a resident to oversee the administration of Bunyoro-Kitara.

Impact of the Bunyoro Agreement

The signing of the Bunyoro Agreement had a significant impact on Uganda`s colonial history. It marked the end of Bunyoro-Kitara`s independence and its subjugation to British rule. The British used the agreement to establish their authority over the region and extend their influence throughout Uganda.

However, the agreement also had negative consequences for Bunyoro-Kitara. It resulted in the loss of their sovereignty and the imposition of British control over their land and resources. The payment of tribute also had a severe impact on the kingdom`s economy, leading to widespread poverty and deprivation.


The 1896 Bunyoro Agreement was a critical event in Uganda`s colonial history. While it established British control over the region, it also had a significant impact on the people of Bunyoro-Kitara. Today, the agreement remains a reminder of the injustices of colonialism and the struggle for independence in Uganda. As copy editors experienced in SEO, we must highlight the importance of acknowledging and learning from Uganda`s past, to build a better future for all its citizens.